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Cecea paa oaae, o o opae pecya a opoce ca c pa ooec e. pee ceo, o oee ae po, eee aoc o, a ae eopopyee caa c, yco cyxoc o py, yoe ox. e cooa ooa cxooa papao opaa "eeopa ". epe o o apae aa 90-x oax pooo ea, copeee epoe ycpoca oo pao oea oe 85 oee cyax ca.

"eeop " coco oea ycex epex popo, oex cey aa: acoy pacey, apeeoy e o, aey a oo ee ac ee yca ae, cce, paeaeo a ypoe py, epea ac pa xa epooo ycpoca epe ac ee copoe o, epo oopoo, ee paceo, apec a cx py cceyeoo a. Copoc e yao e p ac cocae 160 yy.

cceoae ocoao a cep opoco, a oope o aac oe a "a" - "e" (ooaaee a pae ac + -). Caaa aac opoc a ocopoe e, o opee opay pea "eoo", - ae opoc, cae c xoo cec, p o aa ooee op acaeo po o op. o oaao a pc. 1.


oaoo poepo xapaepa pea aoo a ec o c pa apa. cceyeoy oaa 10 pax ap peaa ao oy x, a ae, epeacoa x, aa py a pyo. opaae oe p o oea a pa "e", . e. o pa o e. o ye apecppoao a ac ocy pao pacpo aex ace. Ta ocoo paoa eeopa , oop o ox cyax ooe e ocooo ooo, cooo ex, o a o pecye. Oao oo o peya pacpo ace eeopa e oy cy aece oaaec oeoo epe cyo. Te e eee CA eeopa oyc 19 pyx ocyapcex ypee ( o ce ap, o P), oope ee 1964 . pacoaa 512 oo ycpoca. B eee oa c oo eeopo ccey o 20 000 eoe. Moo ax ycpoc coyec acx pax, apep aax. ecoc epcoaa ao peypo poepec c oo eeopo . pa, oaaa eeop opaye oyooo ypc oye epcoaa, ocyaeo eeop. O ae cxoo, pao pye pee.

poe eeop (pc. 2) ee ay coy yceoc, o ye p cyao cao oe cceyeoo cyae yeo cpea popa ooec. Bo pepe oaa popa ( poaepax) p pea a pae, oyae o epae: oey - 73, o - 59, cypyeco - 58; opo - 18, eo - 16, apaa - 15. Ooae: A - epoa, B - ycpocy ac . .


a epoa (pc. 3), oope e ayx ee pooa e o, ape a c py a ace. B epo cyae oeceaec oa yceoc, o p o oy e eco oex, ae e c py. Ec o a, o epo ceye ape a ace. Ec yceoc eocaoa, coee ey coo e-p e apaeo. e ppe a oe ayyoo peoo eo poco oo. epo oo ape a coe o.


Copoee o, oopoe ox ycox oe coca 3...100 O, o e oye eec a 5%. cpoco ae opa o o epe 1,7...2,4 c oce oec ceooo, yooo oeoo caa.


yceoc popa (pc. 2) peypyec epee pecopo R1. xo aa, poe aaoepa, oo o caoce. Moo ae oa oepao yce c pee coe exao, o ce ycpoco xoy paoeeepeco cce. Pecop R cya oo a pacopo o epepy p opoo aa a xoe cce oe e epoa.

pop oe a pyoe peee, apep, exe p cceoax poecco c oec ao aaoe aco o cx oe epa o eco oep.

Ha ocye c popo oo poo aae cepe (epee eepaea, yceoc, ). Ha aax apepa apep ype pye eaece a. B oe oey ooec cpea popa, pocoee pyoy cyeoy ac o peya.

epe cepepoae c popo aece eeopa ceye poo ycaoy y. Oa aa p o o ye apee. pop eaeo e c ycopoe ao.

. 2

(.1) 0,1...2 400...1200. . " ".


, . , , . - 1...2 , , , , . ( -, ). , .


, 5...10 . , . , . 
, , 2...3 - . , . , , , , , . "" . . 
, , , . . 
, , - , . , .


(. 3). . - "" "". 1, 5, 6 - , - 50-6. R - -1 , , . VT1 - -- (15, 12, 37), a VT2 - p-n-p (KT361, 209, 42). HL1, HL2 - 307, 102 .. .